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Learn piano with a groundbreaking method

How does a piano work?

how a piano is made

You must have always asked yourself how the big companies created the piano. This masterpiece is called a piano.
How are the body, strings, keys, and wing carefully created by a machine or human hands?
In this article, you will glimpse the world of pianos and leave with new knowledge about how its works—and assembling a piano.

Piano, The dream music

There’s something about a piano that exudes beauty and elegance. Perhaps it’s the way the graceful curves of the instrument seem to flow together or the way the glossy surface of the wood reflects the light. Whatever the reason, there’s no denying that a piano is a thing of beauty.

And, of course, the sound a piano makes is nothing short of enchanting. The way the notes seem to cascade from the keys creates a rich and full sound that fills the room. No wonder the is such a popular instrument – who wouldn’t want to make such beautiful music?

If you’re lucky enough to own a piano or are considering purchasing one, you’re in for a treat. Not only will you enjoy the instrument’s beauty, but you’ll also be able to create your beautiful music. So what are you waiting for? Get started on your musical journey today and learn How does a piano work.

the building - introduction

The piano is a complex and beautiful instrument, and its construction is a long and precise process. Each one is handcrafted and must be carefully cut and shaped with wood and metal components. We must tune the strings for perfection, and the action must be smooth and responsive.

And all pianos are checked manually before leaving the factory to ensure product quality. Even companies that have production with any automatic devices.

Every piano for himself.

The result is a piano that can bring years of enjoyment to its owner. But the journey to this point is a long and painstaking one. Every piano is a work of art, and the people who build it are true masters of their craft.

There are How does a piano work, in general.

1. First, you gathered all the materials needed. includes the wood for the instrument body, strings, hammers, and keys.

2. Next, cut the tree to the correct size and shape. Its a significant step, as the piano needs to be the right size and shape to sound good.

3. The piano body needs to be assembled after cutting the wood.  involves joining the pieces of wood together and connecting the strings.

4. After assembling the instrument body, tune the strings. This is a critical step, as the piano will not sound good if the strings are out of tune.

5. Finally, you need to add the keys and hammers.
And make the whole instrument, especially the hammers, feel comfortable to play for hours on end

6. And, of course, to design and create the perfect finish that people expect

the Building - the materials


Many different materials go into building a piano.

Frame: from a hard species, such as maple or beech.

The soundboard: of the spruce variety

Keys: ebony or rosewood variety

Strings and action: metal

Hammers: different types of fabrics

Pedals: leather

The choice of material affects the quality of the tool for several reasons.

1. A piano is a long-term asset; Choosing the right wood will lead to the preservation of a piano over time

2. Inside the wooden soundboard, the strings make sound, and it is the reflections that create the unique sounds of this or that piano

The higher the quality and absorption sides, the livelier and healthier the piano will sound.

The wood for the frame is usually made of hardwood, such as maple or beech. The soundboard is usually made of spruce. Keys are made of hardwood, such as ebony or rosewood. Metal is used for strings and action. The felt is used for hammers and dampers. The leather is used for pedals.

The  wood affects the quality of the tool for this reasons.


1. A piano is a long-term asset; choosing the suitable wood will lead to the preservation of a piano over time


2. The second reason is the quality of the sound; after all, the strings are played inside the sound box made of wood, and it is the reflections that create the unique sounds of this or that piano

The more quality and absorbent the wood, the more alive and healthy the piano will sound.

the Building - the soundboard

The soundboard is a piece of wood that amplifies the sound of the strings. It is usually made of Sitka fir, a light and strong type of wood. The soundboard has a series of ridges, called ribs, that support it. The ribs are glued to the soundboard and help transfer the strings’ vibrations to the soundboard. The soundboard also has a sound hole, which allows sound to escape from the piano.
The soundboard is the heart of the instruments and is what makes the sound so beautiful. If you’ve ever wondered how a piano produces such beautiful music, it’s all thanks to the soundboard.
For example, you can take the person singing in a parking lot and add some kind of reflection from the concrete walls, which sounds so beautiful.
This is how the soundboard responds to the strings played around it.

The Building - the strings

how a piano is made

The material from which the strings are made is a very tight steel wire. Wrap the wire around a metal tuning pin inserted into a wooden tuning block. The thread is then wrapped around the adjusting pin clockwise. Then tighten the string by turning the adjusting pin counterclockwise. Then cut the thread to the desired length, and remove the excess thread.
The strings decide, according to how tight they are, the pitch will play the key they are on.
Tuning guitar strings takes between a minute and two and costs $0
Piano tuning requires special tools and a little more time and is done by a professional who costs around $150
The strings made the musical instrument enter the pages of history with an ancient debate asking whether a piano is a stringed instrument(s)
Or is it a percussion instrument (hammers)
Or is it a keyboard tool at all? What do you think?

the Building - the action

The piano action is the instrument’s part that translates the player’s intention and motion into sound. To put it more simply, this part of your instrument makes it playable. Without effective action, you can’t even begin to play your piano. It can be somewhat confusing for someone who has never had anything to do with pianos. There are a few different kinds of actions, especially when talking about other stringed instruments like guitars and harps. Here’s what you need to know about the various actions so you can choose one for yourself or your child when buying a new digital piano or acoustic upright 

It is the main part of the : How does a piano work

the types of the piano action

It is the most common operation today and at the time of its invention a hundred years ago. It will generally have a heavier touch than an electromechanical action, making it a better option for someone with a more decadent or forceful touch. Electromechanical action is the type designed in the 1920s and 1930s and is the type of action used in almost all modern pianos. The main difference between electromechanical and mechanical operations is the amount of resistance they offer. The electromechanical action has a much lighter touch, making it ideal for players with a finer touch.

how its build

It is essential for a pianist who wants to advance and become professional to understand this part. Everything from the size of the hammers to the materials used in the keys will affect how the piano sounds. Hammer Size – The size of the hammers is also essential. If you have a too-small hammer, you will not be able to play the entire length of the strings. It makes the sound produced by the string shorter than it should be and less sustained. If you have a too-long hammer, it will produce too much sound, and the sound will be too loud. A hammer that is the proper size will make a sound that is neither too long nor too short and has the right amount of sustain. Key Weight – The weight of the keys is also essential. If the keys are too light, you will not be able to depress them properly, And as a result, playing the strings becomes very bouncy. The sound produced will be very uneven. If the keys are too heavy, it won’t be easy to press them, and you will exert yourself unnecessarily.

Why is piano action important

It’s important to know that the type of piano action you choose is not just about personal preference. It also has to do with the kind of music you are playing. A heavier touch would be better for someone playing solo classical music. This person would need an extraordinarily responsive and firm touch to get the most out of their music. On the other hand, If you are required to play a duet with a partner with a lighter touch, you might want to go for a lighter action. It will let you play with the same precision and control while making it easier for you to play with someone else.

the building - keyboard and keys


When asking How does a piano work, the most interesting thing is to know about the part we touch the most while playing

The keyboard is the sheet music reader of the piano. It’s the most visible part of this instrument, and it’s usually where your eye gets first when you see a piano. What’s interesting about the piano keyboard is its anatomy and structure, which many people might not know. Because we know how important an instrument can be for other people, we want to share some exciting things about it in this article.

Stringing And Stretching The Piano Keyboard

The keyboard strings connect the keys. When the pianist applies pressure to the keys, the keys can produce a sound. The strings are anchored between the two ends of the keyboard with a frame. The frame is usually built from wood and other materials and metals. The frame supports the keyboard, as pianos are heavy instruments that need to be secured to a sturdy frame to stay in one place. The stretching of the strings is measured in a piano’s stretch and tautness of the strings by inches. The lowest note on the keyboard is usually 22 inches. It is because the pianist generally approaches the piano from above, so the keys will be shorter and will require less length in the string.

Location Of The Notes On The Piano Keyboard

The location of the notes on the keyboard is generally thought of as the repetition of a pattern. This pattern is the octave, meaning the same note is repeated two times. There are 88 keys on the keyboard, each representing a note and an octave. There are two octaves on a keyboard, with the lower octave beginning on the right side of the piano keyboard and ending on the left.

1. The higher octave starts on the left side of the piano keyboard and ends on the right.
2. Octave means “same sound” and refers to the same note played at a higher or lower pitch.
3. The  keyboard is made so that the higher notes have shorter keys than the lower notes.

Size And Shifting Of The Notes On The Piano Keyboard

Each key on the keyboard represents a note, but the size of these notes varies. The pitch of each note on a keyboard is determined by its length, where shorter keys produce higher-pitched notes, and longer keys produce lower-pitched notes. The notes closest to the center of the keyboard are the longest ones. The notes on the outer edges of the keyboard are the ones that are the shortest. The way we the tones between the notes, piano keys are measured in half steps and whole steps. A half step is the smallest distance between two notes on the keyboard, and a whole step is two half steps. When the black keys are included, there are 13 half steps between two adjacent notes on a keyboard.

Weighting Of Keys On The Piano Keyboard

The keys on the  keyboard are not the same because some are heavier than others. The end of the keyboard that is closer to the body of the piano is the end that has the heavier keys. It is done so that the pianist gets a more robust feel while pressing these keys. The pianist will notice a difference in the pressure applied to the piano keyboard at the edges closer to his body than the edges closer to his hands.

Can you learn piano from scratch?

Indeed you are interested in starting to learn piano or at least immeasurably improving your playing abilities.
All the high and excessive prices of the courses surely annoy you, Especially when, in the end, a payoff is a number of old works without investment and adaptation to learning.
I have to give you truthful information: courses that will explain to you how to become a professional piano player in a few months are spam.

The only course you can buy online is digital textbooks that will accompany you in your independent learning.

Learning piano independently requires a lot of willpower – (I’m sure you have it:
But on the other hand, it is the most helpful learning in our time and no less critical and also the most enjoyable.
If you want to take the instrument as a profession or reach a high level of playing
I will be honest and say that you will need a close teacher or a study institute to guide you over several years.
But I believe most of you are interested in piano as a hobby
And you already want to sit at home and calmly play whatever you want without fear of getting confused or missing mastering the piano at a sufficient level
As I said, digital books are the best way

I recommend pianoforall to you

It is a product that has been around for over 15 years and has proven itself.
For the price of $40, you get 9 books with high-quality and relevant songs, 300 instructional videos, 500 audio lessons, and free updates for life!!!
pianoforall has about 450,000 students with recommendations like water.
You don’t have to believe me; you can just go to the site and check out what I’m talking about


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And to end on a more personal note.
The piano is one of the world’s most dominant and popular musical instruments, not to mention the works and artists who grew up on it.
It is an inspiring instrument in its size and sound and in the package of sensations it lets us convey.
I hope that after this article, you will have a bit of order in your head about the instrument and its structure; of course, you have much more to enrich your knowledge, and there is no end to it.


Hope you learned How does a piano work

About its different parts and the uniqueness of each part in this magical sound show

I wish you the best of luck in learning the piano.